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Macro Photography

 
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Macro photography is close-up photography of small items or tiny details of a host of different subjects. The image is usually life-size or larger. Most modern cameras have a macro-mode function, however for top results, a camera that takes interchangeable lenses is required to fit a macro lens specifically for close-up shots. Such a lens provides consistently high optical quality. A standard macro lens provides 1:1 magnification but there are lenses available such as 5:1 that will deliver higher magnification. Macro lenses also come in various focal lengths to cater for more distance between photographer and subject. A simple method to increase magnification is to add a screw-on or slip-in close-up lens on the camera lens. As magnification is increased the farther away the lens is from the film or sensor, it is also possible to magnify the subject by inserting an extension tube between the lens and camera. These tubes contain no optical elements and are inexpensive. Nevertheless, only the more expensive, camera-specific tubes will still provide all electronic functions. Another method is to reverse a camera lens. Using a reversing ring, it is possible to attach the lens to the camera “the wrong way round”. This method can give excellent results and high magnification. Once again, only camera-specific reversing rings will provide all electronic functions. Depth of field is very limited when focusing on close subjects. This can be used to good effect. But if more depth of field is required, this means using a smaller aperture and either a slower speed or bright lighting. A tripod is essential when using a slow speed. For bright lighting and even illumination, use flash with a diffuser or a ring flash.



zipper
brush
liquid soap
phone numbers
tool
food
wine glass
spectacles frame
cut
mill
date
animal macro
cord
seam
macro pictures
matchbox
drink
nature
spice
write
sunflower
flower
bottle
cleaning
centimeter
adhesive
time
open
after dinner
office
technics
closeup
Elite 200
hand
open bottle
hair
sport
money
protect
red blue green yellow
coffee beans
closeup picture
electric
school object