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Aviation, Airplanes

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The word ‘aviation’ stems from the Latin word ‘avis’ for bird and relates to the design, manufacture, flying or operation of aircraft. The word ‘aviator’ is now less frequently used and is simply another word for a pilot. Even rarer is the word aviatrix – a female pilot. The word ‘aircraft’ covers not only aeroplanes but numerous other flying objects including airships, balloons, gliders, helicopters and even ornithopters – a flying machine that takes off by flapping its wings – and very much a thing of the past. The dream of soaring into the air was dreamt of long before the Montgolfier brothers took to the sky in a balloon in 1783 and signalled the start of the modern age of aviation. ever, it wasn’t until 1903 that the Wright brothers with Orville Wright at the controls took off in a heavier-than-air aircraft and soared for 12 seconds above the ground, covering a distance of 120 feet. In 1908, after years of experimentation by various aspiring aviators, Wilbur Wright made a 140 minute flight in France, demonstrating full control over his aircraft.

As World War I approached, aeroplane design had made huge progress, mostly in the direction of biplanes. Even greater strides were made between 1919 and 1926. In 1919 Captain E. F. White succeeded in flying nonstop from Chicago to New York and Alcock and Brown made the first transatlantic flight in just over 16 hours, winning the London Daily Mail prize of $50,000. Aircraft became indispensible in World War II and towards the end of hostilities progress literally rocketed with the emergence of jet and rocket propelled planes.
After World War II, technology in both military and civil aviation continued its ever increasing upward trend, resulting in today's enormous aircraft industry. Flights covering countless millions of miles per year fulfil the ever increasing “frequent flying” demands.

This leads to the question of how the aircraft industry will be affected by depleting oil supplies. The simple answer is that at present no one knows – or no one is telling. Arguments rage over the length of time that oil reserves will last, from those who are convinced that supplies will dry up within 30 years to others who regard it as a bottomless well. No matter how long supplies last, a more environmentally-friendly form of fuel would certainly be preferable. There is talk of liquid hydrogen and various forms of bio-fuels as alternatives, but what are their disadvantages? Considering the progress made in many fields over the last 50 years, it is highly probable that this problem will be solved as and when necessary. Or perhaps as and when the oil industry considers the change to be to its advantage. It is certainly unlikely that we will have to revert to human-powered vehicles.

In the meantime, plane spotters can pursue their hobby of observing and logging the registration numbers of various types of aircraft. Spotting habits vary. Some spotters concentrate on a specific airline operator or solely on military aircraft. There is a wealth of information available in print and on the Internet and social networks bring likeminded people together to swap information among their hobby. An airport is clearly the best place to gain the maximum number of sightings at quite close quarters. Air shows also afford excellent close-up opportunities and offer the chance to enter airfields that are normally closed to the public.



airplane
fields
Portugal
landing
aviation
airplane photos
engines
aviation
HB-IXQ
landing
lufthansa
road
waiting for start
before landing
Pegasus
slow
aeroplane
twin engine airplane
Aeroflot
landing
business
runway
lights
trees
people
Airport Kloten, Zurich, Switzerland
airport
Ukraine International
plane
runway
loading
plane
Thai
Swiss
Ukraine International
Turkish
Qatar
US Airways
Pilots
British Airways
swiss airlines
United
at the dock
Airbus
Singapore Airlines
Airbus A380
before start
A380
tow airplane
waiting for start
start A380
Singapore Airlines Airbus A380
start Airbus A380
in the sky
airplane
start
edelweiss
airport tower photos
buildings
airfield
airport
swiss
airplane
planes airfield
airplane landing
before landing
airport
sunset
plane landing
field
KLM
OLT
Airbus A 380
large Airbus
start Airbus
in the air
Croatia Airlines
evening
ZRH
plane lights
United
engines
Swiss 4 engines
field
Finnair
airberlin
airport
American
SAS
HB-IYQ
contrails
in the air
Jumbolino, A380
fly
oneworld
plane spotter